Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota


Wind Cave National Park is a unique geological wonder. This small National Park is nestled up against Black Hills National Forest and Custer State Park in the southwestern corner of South Dakota. It not only features beautiful and forested rolling hills, but vast grasslands, and a unique cave system with features that distinguish it from other caves worldwide.

Wind Cave National Park, where the buffalo roam


This sacred American Indian site, once only known to the Lakota people, was discovered by settlers in 1881. Two brothers actually discovered the cave’s only natural opening, when they heard a whistling sound coming out of the ground. The wind blew out of the this small hole, with such force, that it became known as Wind Cave.

The natural opening at Wind Cave National Park

The difference in atmospheric pressure inside and out of the cave, creates wind that is still quite noticeable today.

Cave Tours

As with all known caves, you must take a tour in order to go inside. This National Park does not take tour reservations for their standard tour (only for some of the other “specialty tours” which are only offered in the summer). All standard cave tours are on a first-come, first-served basis. I would suggest arriving early in the day. We arrived 45 minutes prior to a scheduled tour time, which happened to be already full, and ended up waiting for the next available tour, over two hours later.

There are hiking trails, and the park itself is quite beautiful. As we were staying in neighboring Custer State Park, which has a lot of the same landscape (yet even more beautiful), and it was a rainy and cold day…we did not feel the need to hike this park. Instead we drove down to the town of Hot Springs to have lunch, while the kids worked on the Junior Ranger books, until it was time for our cave tour.

The Visitor Center at Wind Cave National Park gives you a good understanding of the cave and it’s formations.

We were back at the Visitor Center ten minutes prior to our scheduled tour. I was pleasantly surprised to find that the tour size was much smaller than others we had been on. Our particular tour group was only about forty people or so. This is a big plus for me, as I prefer smaller groups on tours like this.

Ranger led tour at Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota

The Cave

Now, some may wonder…how different can one cave be from another? Well, let me tell you….VERY!

Descending into Wind Cave

I was wondering prior to this visit…if visiting this cave would still interest us, after visiting Mammoth Cave National Park in Kentucky and Cathedral Caverns State Park in Alabama.

Well, in our quest to explore our National Parks…we ventured to this cave and discovered that it is unlike any other cave in the country…even the world, for that matter.

Boxwork Formations in Wind Cave National Park

This cave system has the largest quantity of Boxwork formations in the world. These unique calcite structures look like honeycomb and they adorn the ceilings and walls of the cave. It really is quite beautiful to look at, and my photographs do not do formations justice.


This was the first time we had seen such a formation. How incredibly fun to discover this new type of geological wonder and to mentally compare it to the other caves we have seen.

Boxwork Formation at Wind Cave National Park

Visitors should know that many of the passages are quite small. Chris and I both had to duck down often, to prevent from bumping our heads on the the low ceilings.

My 10 year old maneuvers easily through Wind Cave

There is also a variety of minerals in Wind Cave, as well as some stalactite and stalagmite formations.

Wind Cave National Park
Wind Cave National Park

Visitor Tips

Our Ranger-led tour was awesome and we all enjoyed exploring Wind Cave. Here are my tips for those planning a visit…which I will use myself one-day when we return…because yes, the cave is that amazing that we will need to see it again!

  1. Stay in Custer State Park if possible. This park has a variety of camping options, historic hotels and lodges and small cabins to rent.
  2. Take Highway 87 from the State Park into Wind Cave National Park. Plan for a one hour drive from the Game Lodge area to the Visitor Center at Wind Cave. Though the miles are few, the drive is slow due to reduced speed limits, winding roads and animal crossings.
  3. Pack lunch and snacks. The Visitor Center does not have anything aside from souvenirs. The town of Hot Springs is 30 minutes south and does have some restaurants, fast-food stops and a small local grocery store. This is a very small town and most of it is closed off-season (we were there in early May). I would personally prefer to pack a lunch next time, rather than heading to town. I was not impressed with this small town selection of eateries.
  4. Check the parks website for the season’s tour schedule (visit it HERE) and try to arrive as early in the day as possible. If the tours sell out early on a weekday in the off-season, you can be certain, it will happen in peak-season. I would head straight to the Visitor Center and purchase Cave Tour tickets, and then explore the park and the Visitor Center once you have your tickets.
  5. If you have any type of National Park pass such as the America The Beautiful pass, the Senior pass or Every Kid In A Park pass…ask about a discount. After I had purchased our tickets and we were waiting to turn in our J.R. books, I overheard the ranger mention that pass holders receive half-off one ticket purchase. Wish I had known! If you do not have a pass, you can also purchase one here. This is how we get into all these Nationals Parks and Monuments without paying separate fees.
  6. Note that you cannot take backpacks and camera bags into the cave. Nothing more than a purse or small camera, and they prefer that you do not even take water. I took my sling purse with a water bottle in it, as I cannot go an hour without water!
  7. You must descend down many stairs to enter the cave. Strollers will not work here. Everyone on the tour should be able to walk multiple flights of stairs, crouch when entering lower portions of the cave and be fairly quick on their feet. The pathway through the cave is on uneven ground and you really have to watch where you are walking.
  8. Bring your good camera, flash photography is allowed.
  9. Dress warm for the cave. This cave was much cooler than the other caves we have visited. I was quite happy with my beanie and lightweight down jacket. I even wore my favorite North Face gloves.
  10. Wear shoes with a good grip. There were several spots of rock that were slippery. You will want to wear some sturdy kicks for this tour. The Ranger will also check to make sure that you have not worn that particular pair of shoes into any other cave in the last ten years. They are trying to prevent the transfer of elements that impact each cave.
  11. Although you will be in a cave, which adds a claustrophobic element for many, be prepared to ride a small elevator up and out of the cave. This is not optional.


Junior Rangers

After our tour, my kids finished up their Junior Ranger books. This book was fairly extensive for their age group. I was thankful that they had all of that time prior to our tour, to work on the book, as it was a bit lengthy. I did love the information though. My kids received a solid geology lesson from this cave!



An Exceptional Cave

This park is full of wildlife. As we drove into the park from the north, we saw bison, deer, pronghorn and thousands of praire dogs. The drive through the park, wandering through the Visitor Center and taking the Cave Tour all gave us a good grasp on what this park encompasses. As this is one of the smaller National parks, I feel that a one-day visit was just perfect for us. Honestly, for my family, we would not have been very interested in this park if it were not for the cave. Though the Park is beautiful and diverse, the upper landscape does not offer anything unique to the area (or at least for those that have been to Custer State Park and other parts of the Black Hills). However, the underground cave is magnificent! This would be my main reason to visit the park, so do not miss it.

Have you been to Wind Cave? How would you compare this cave to others? I hope that these travel tips are a blessing to those that may be planning their visit in the future. Happy explorations!


2 thoughts on “Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota

    1. So glad to hear that you have experienced Wind Cave also. It is so unique. The formations are truly unlike any others. Thanks for commenting. I love to hear from others who have been to the same places!


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